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Reading/English and Language Arts
Students in grades K through 5 are focused on developing 
comprehension strategies that will enable them to manipulate 
grade-level texts of appropriate complexity, and communicate 
effectively both in writing and in speaking. Students will 
begin to anchor their inquiries and responses firmly to the 
text, whether literary or informational, using increasingly 
specific and relevant evidence to support their claims and 
inferences. Students’ analytical skills will extend to 
identifying main idea/theme, understanding character and 
plot development, and evaluating the impact of word choice. 
Additionally, students will identify structural elements in 
text such as scenes and chapters, distinguish narrative voice, 
understand the impact of aesthetic elements, and make logical 
Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet 
each year’s grade-specific standards, to retain or further 
develop skills and understandings mastered in previous grades, 
and to work steadily toward meeting the more general expectations 
described by the Standards. Standards are divided 
into Foundational Skills, Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, 
and Language strands for conceptual clarity.
Click here to access the Georgia Standards of Excellence for Reading and English/Language Arts in Grades K-5
The K-5 standards are organized in the following domains: 
counting and cardinality; operations and algebraic thinking;
 number and operations in base ten; number and operations – 
fractions; measurement and data; and geometry. The domains 
vary by grade-level as appropriate; counting and cardinality 
is a key domain in kindergarten, while number and operations 
– fractions is introduced in third grade.
The grade-by-grade K-5 standards provide students with a 
solid foundation in whole numbers, addition, subtraction, 
multiplication, division, fractions and decimals—which taken 
together provide students with a strong foundation for learning 
and applying more demanding math concepts and procedures, and 
for moving into robust applications.
 Click here to access the Georgia Standards of Excellence for math in grades K-5
The Georgia Performance Standards (GPS) for Science were created 
using The Project 2061’s Benchmarks for Science 
Literacy as the core of the curriculum to determine 
appropriate content and process skills for students. The GPS 
is also aligned to the National Research Council’s National 
Science Education Standards.The relationship between science, 
our environment, and our everyday world is crucial to 
each student’s success and should be emphasized. 
This curriculum is intended as a required curriculum that would 
show proficiency in science, and instruction should extend 
beyond the curriculum to meet student needs. Science consists 
of a way of thinking and investigating, as well a growing 
body of knowledge about the natural world. 
To become literate in science, therefore, students need to 
acquire an understanding of both the Characteristics of 
Science and its content. 
Social Studies
The Georgia Performance Standards for Social Studies were 
designed to develop informed Georgia citizens who understand 
the history of the United States and our place in an ever 
increasing interconnected world. It is essential that students 
understand their past and how that past influences the present 
day and the future.
Parent Resources
Below are several great resources to help you help your child meet grade level standards